Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition which causes the level of sugar, or glucose, in the blood to become too high. One in 10 people over 40 in the UK are now living with a diagnosis of the disease.
These shocking figures show that there are 3.8 million people living with type 2 diabetes. Worryingly, many of those are with the disease still consume foods which are notorious for spiking blood sugar levels.
According to the NHS, type 2 diabetes occurs when the body can not produce enough insulin – a hormone which breaks down glucose in the body. It’s often linked to being overweight or inactive, or having a family history of type 2 diabetes.
Over time, high blood sugar levels can cause damage to the body’s organs, increasing the risk of heart and strokes. To manage blood sugar levels, it is important to monitor your diet and cut out high-risk foods.
But there are some surprising foods that can spike blood sugar levels, which you may not be aware of. Here are seven foods those with type 2 diabetes should avoid, as reported by the Mirror.
How to lower blood sugar levels
A few seemingly healthy foods are notorious for negatively impacting blood sugar. Sugar, fat and salt intake should be kept to a minimum in order to effectively manage your type 2 diabetes.
It’s also important to avoid foods that rank high on the Glycaemic Index (GI). The British Dietetic Association (BDA) explains: “Each time you have a sugary or starchy food or drink, the blood glucose level in your body rises.
“Some of these foods are quickly digested and cause quick and sharp rises in your blood glucose levels – they are called high GI foods and drinks.
“Low GI foods and drink, which are more slowly digested, will make your blood glucose rise more slowly. These are sometimes called ‘slow release’ carbs.”
Foods which could be significantly raising your blood sugars include:
- Dried fruits
- Fruit juice
Grapes are deemed healthy, however, overdoing do them could negatively affect your blood sugar levels, warns Diabetes.co.uk
The health body explains: “While there are properties of grape seeds that help to lower blood glucose levels, a single grape contains approximately 1g of carbohydrate.
“Because of this, diabetic people should moderate their grape consumption, particularly if they are prone to high blood sugar levels.”
“If you consider a serving of dried fruit is only a tablespoon and packs in 20g carbs total sugar, you can see how easily this happens,” added Diabetes.co.uk
Get the latest headlines sent straight to your inbox with our newsletter
Did you know you can keep up to date with the latest news by signing up to our daily newsletter?
We send a morning and lunchtime newsletter covering the latest headlines every day.
We also send coronavirus updates at 5pm on weekdays, and a round up of the week’s must-read stories on Sunday afternoons.
Signing up is simple, easy and free.
You can pop your email address into the sign up box above, hit Subscribe and we’ll do the rest.
Alternatively, you can sign up and check out the rest of our newsletters here.
According to the health body, it is very unlikely that you need to reduce your fruit intake but you could keep a food diary to check how often and how much fruit you are eating.
“Many people eat fruit infrequently, but tend to have larger portions when they do eat them,” it notes.
Foods which help lower your blood sugars
Healthier food options to help stabilise blood sugar levels include:
- Citrus fruit
Don’t miss the latest news from around Scotland and beyond – Sign up to our daily newsletter here.